Delvari was the heart of Iran

Once upon a time, he freed Bushehr from British colonialism with his legendary braveries, and today it seems as if he is looking over the Gulf to protect its name “The Persian Gulf”. That statue of a brave man, with a firm complexion, on the shore of Persian Gulf, is Ali Delvari. Delvari was from Delvar village in the Tangak plains of bushehr.  Reis (chief) ali was born in 1263 (1884) in Delvar village. His mother was shaheen and his father was reis Mohammad Delvar, the village chief.  delvar village (Delvar meaning brave) raised a man whose name was not forgotten by not only the Iranians but also the British.

In May 1326, when the Iranian parliament was dissolved by Mohammad Ali Shah, in cities such as Tabriz, Rasht, and Isfahan, people started fighting against the government, and the people of Bushehr, with the help of Reis Ali Delvar, liberated the city. He controlled the city for nearly nine months. With the seizure of Bushehr customs, which were leased by the British, the national forces intervened militarily in the area, and fight and flight began, which continued until World War I.

At the beginning of the First World War in 1914, Russian forces invaded Iran from the north and British forces from the south. British warships anchored in Bushehr, and the occupying troops gradually planned to occupy Bushehr and the coastal areas. On 17 Amordad 1294 (1915), one day after the occupation of the British, 14 of Bushehr residents protested against the occupiers, but they were arrested and deported to India because they did not like fighting and weapons.

The British tried hard to buy Rais Ali with money and offered him 40,000 pounds, but their efforts were useless.

Simultaneously with these developments, the British security forces, in an unusual and illegal action, arrested the German consul in Bushehr and two agents of a German commercial company on charges of espionage against England and deported them to India. This angered Rais Ali and forced him to increase the intensity of the fight against the British and inflict effective blows and casualties on the British in the night attacks. In one of these fights, which happened on 21 Tir 1294, Rais Ali killed two high-ranking British officers and 11 Indian soldiers, and Rais Ali’s forces returned without casualties. This victory had psychological and political effect rather than military effect. It was hard for the British government to accept this defeat, resulting in which they sent troops (2000 in number), which were ready to be sent to baghdad, to Delvar village instead, to confront Reis Ali.

Being aware of the attack on Delvar in advance, Rais Ali sheltered the people of Delvar in the mountains called “Kalat Bujir.” When British and Indian soldiers entered Delwar, the village was deserted. For this reason, they angrily threatened to shell empty houses and cut palm trees. On the same night, with 400 of his forces, Rais Ali attacked the British troops and killed 60 of the aggressors, including a high-ranking general, which was his victory in this war.

After this war, Rais Ali Deloari increased his night raids on Bushehr and the British garrison. With the help of other regional leaders, he planned a nationwide attack on Bushehr and its liberation. He was preparing for this attack that On the night of September 12, 1914, when he was planning an attack on the White Mansion of sabzabad, in a place called Tangak Safar, he was shot from behind by a traitor named Gholam Hossein Tangaki. At the age of 34, he was martyred. The body of Rais Ali Delvari was buried in the Wadi al-Salaam cemetery in Najaf, Iraq, next to his father.


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May 17, 2024